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Son of Albert V, in 1526 reunited Grubenhagen under his hands. Decades later, the families were reconciled by the marriage of the Crown Prince's son to the Emperor's only daughter, and the Emperor allowed his son-in-law to assume rule (his father having renounced his own right). In 1269 divided the land with him, and became Prince of Luneburg. Coins from the Duchy of Brunswick. The first Hanoverian King of Great Britain, George I of Great Britain, was the reigning Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and was finally made an official and recognized prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire in 1708. When his brother, Christian Louis died childless in 1665, George William inherited Luneburg. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. The duchy was divided several times during the High Middle Ages amongst various lines of the House of Welf, but the rulers all continued to be styled as the "Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg" in addition to their various particular titles. Some of the more famous branches were Brunswick-Luneburg, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Brunswick-Bevern, Lüneburg-Celle, and Grubenhagen. The Wolfenbüttel Line retained its independence, except from 1807 to 1813, when it and Hanover were merged into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia. Details about 1823 2 Pfenning - Duchy of Brunswick German States - George IV - KM-1099 - Fine See original listing. History. The various parts of the duchy were further divided and re-united over the centuries, all of them being ruled by the Welf or Guelph dynasty, who maintained close relations with one another—not infrequently by marrying cousins—a practice far more common than is the case today, even among the peasantry of the Holy Roman Empire, for the salic inheritance laws in effect, encouraged the practice of retaining control of lands and benefits. In 1569 Henry founded the duchy of. Most countries agreed as well, that he remained the de jure (and 10 years de facto) Duke and recognized all his execution of office as de facto. German States stamps for the Duchy of Braunschweig were issued from 1852 to 1865.. as the "Prince of Lüneburg". George III contested the validity of the dissolution of the Empire and maintained separate consular offices and staff for the Electorate of Hanover until the peace conferences at the war's end. The various parts of the duchy were further divided and re-united over the centuries, all of them being ruled by the Welf or Guelph dynasty, who maintained close relations with one another—not infrequently by marrying cousins— a practice far more common than is the case today, even among the peasantry of the Holy Roman Empire, for the salic inheritance laws in effect, encouraged the practice of retaining control of lands and benefits. In 1805, after his uncle, Frederick Augustus, Duke of Oels, had died childless, Fred… In 1714 was chosen for. Time Remaining: Currency Converter. Otto restricted the rights of the knights and safeguarded public order. Get Prince of Wolfenbuttel essential facts. In 1400 inherited Wolfenbüttel and in 1416 divided their lands: Henry retained Lüneburg and Bernard kept Wolfenbüttel until 1428, when exchanged it with Lüneburg from his nephews. At the Imperial Diet of 1235 in Mainz, as part of the reconciliation between the Hohenstaufen and Welf families, Henry's grandson, Otto the Child, transferred his estates to Emperor Frederick II and was enfeoffed in return with the newly created Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, which was formed from the estates transferred to the Emperor as well as other large areas of the imperial fisc. Younger son of Henry X. The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburgball was a HREball state. A Waterloo Medal, Hussars Regiment, 1815; Item: G35669. As he left no descendants, the land passed to his brother, Augustus. Took the entire government of the duchy after the death of his nephew, the natural heir. I am looking for the regular Brunswick … A Waterloo Medal, Hussars Regiment, 1815 . In 1814 the principality became the Duchy of Brunswick. The towns of Lüneburg and Brunswick remained in the overall possession of the House of Welf until 1512 and 1671 respectively. Not until 1753/1754 was the Residence moved back to Brunswick, into the newly built Brunswick Palace. BRUNSWICK (Ger. The seats of power moved in the meantime from Brunswick and Lüneburg to Celle and Wolfenbüttel as the towns asserted their independence. Sons of Albert I, ruled jointly. By embracing the. Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Youngest son of George. In 1814 it was succeeded by the Kingdom of Hanover. In 1648 inherited the Principality of Lüneburg from his uncle Frederick IV, he gave Calenberg to his younger brother George William, and instead ruled the larger territory of Lüneburg. Their rule was marked by major building work to Celle Castle and also by numerous reforms which improved the legal situation of farmers vis-a-vis their local lords. your own Pins on Pinterest Hammer Price: Bid History. Note: For clarity's sake, and to avoid keyword confusion with numerous other entities in today's World that are called "Brunswick", I shall use the German name, "Braunschweig", in the content of this page. Desc: The Duchy of Brunswick was a historical German state. As he left no male heirs, the land passed to his younger brother, Ernest Augustus. In 1495 it was expanded around Göttingen and in 1584 went back to the Wolfenbüttel Line. Otto abdicated in 1527 and founded his own estate, the, Regent on behalf of her son, Eric. Relief shown pictorially. Shared rule with his brother Albert. Coincidentally, in 1701 the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg found himself in the line of succession for the British crown, later confirmed in 1707 by the Act of Union, which he subsequently inherited, thereby creating a personal union of the two crowns on 20 October 1714. The state lay ran from the northern part of the Solling hills and the River Leine near Einbeck and north of the Eichsfeld on and in the southwestern Harz. Its capital was the city of Brunswick (Braunschweig). Absorbed Grubenhagen from Wolfenbüttel. Left no male heirs, and his land passed to a collateral line. Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburgball was born as a 2ball, later adopted by Germaniaball, Franciaball, East Franciaball and HREball. According to reports dating to 1677, Rudolf Augustus slashed a way through the Lechlum Forest, the. Abdicated to his son in 1641. In 1428, Bernard recovered Luneburg from his nephews. Because of his alcoholism, was deposed by his own mother, who took the regency in his name. The land passed to his brother, Frederick IV. Great Britain and Hanover remained united in personal union until the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837. The last mentioned retained the position of elector even after the Holy Roman Empire was abolished by its last emperor in 1806. At his death without male descendants, the land passed to his son-in-law, the, Sons of Augustus II, ruled jointly from 1685 to 1702. Colloquially the Electorate was also known as the Electorate of Hanover or as Kurhannover. Other branches that did not have full sovereignty existed in the Dannenberg, Harburg, Gifhorn, Bevern, Osterode, Herzberg, Salzderhelden and Einbeck. With sole rights to the duchy Brunswick-Lüneburg, he provided a conditional sub-lease of the principality of Lüneburg to the princes of Calenburg with the conditions of payment to the Wolfenbüttel heirs (Chief of the House), together with the guarantee that only his descendants would inherit this senior principality of Wolfenbüttel. After his death in 1252, he was succeeded by his sons, Albert the Tall and John, who ruled the dukedom jointly. But his younger brother, Brother of Albert III, regent on behalf of his nephew, Eric. The nation is part of a recent large update which adds this nation, the map Iberian Harbor, and other changes. English: The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Herzogtum Braunschweig-Lüneburg), or more properly Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg, was an historical ducal state from the late Middle Ages until the late Early Modern era within the North-Western domains of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, in what is now northern Germany. Imprisoned by his brother William, who took his place. The estates of the different dynastic lines could be inherited by a side line when a particular family died out. The following dukes ruled the entire duchy before it was sub-divided: All the Welf lines continued to bear the title of "Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg" from the division of the dukedom in 1269 to the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. The number of simultaneously reigning dynastic lines varied from two to five. 1823 2 Pfenning - Duchy of Brunswick German States - George IV - KM-1099 - Fine: Condition:--not specified. In 1432 founded the Principality of Calenberg, a split-off from Lüneburg, and left the remaining Wolfenbüttel to his brother Henry IV. The resulting state was known under many different names (Brunswick-Lüneburg, Calenberg, Calenberg-Celle; its ruler was often known as the "Elector of Hanover". In 1584 absorbes the Principality of Calenberg. It was introduced in the Prussian Update. In 1714, the Hanoverian branch of the family succeeded to the throne of Great Britain, which they ruled in personal union with Hanover until 1837. After the fall of Napoleon, George III regained his lands plus lands from Prussia as King of Hanover, whilst giving up some other smaller scattered territories. History. 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